Musicians have spent centuries flirting with know-how to push the boundaries of the artwork, from the Theremin to mid-century tape experiments. Regardless of this fascination, solely a tiny area of interest have gone as far as to programmatically generate music by way of code. In a span of roughly 70 years, the few who’ve performed so comprise a Venn diagram of intersecting programmers and avant-garde musicians.
The outcomes are not like something you have ever heard—and among the most formidable music to mix the realms of analog and digital sound.
I talked with people who find themselves utilizing code to make all kinds of music, from pattern mangling to a stay algorithmic radio present to preaching the Marxist qualities of open supply software program. Regardless of the technological complexity and deep algebra concerned, they’re all in search of one thing quite simple: a artistic sandbox unbound by conventions of time and concept.
“A way of thinking suggested by the program”
Carl Stone has been mangling samples (“mangle” being an agreed-upon verb amongst sound manipulators) since 1973. He borrows them from business music, tears them aside, and glues them again collectively in nonsensical methods, with outcomes resembling all the pieces from a pop music performed backwards to fast gunfire constituted of a human voice. So, it was no shock to me after I found (after a sonic onslaught of a February 2020 present the place aged individuals plugged their ears) that he solely makes use of Max, a beloved programming language for music and multimedia. It’s a visible workspace with musical instructions offered as modular packing containers that you would be able to chain with digital wires. The open-ended design permits for free-flowing experimentation.
“You start each coding experience with a completely blank slate,” Stone says. “It’s unlike any of the other commercial programs that have preconceptions and optimizations built in. A program like [Ableton] Live—which I respect very much—tends toward a way of thinking that’s suggested by the program itself.”
With out that framework, Stone’s compositions are overtly surreal. He likens his sample-based work to an anagram: “It has a semblance of semantic meaning, but it’s strange.”
A Los Angeles native and CalArts graduate with little coding background, the 67-year-old has been making music on computer systems since 1986. He labored with ’80s algorithmic music software program resembling Jam Manufacturing facility and Laurie Spiegel’s influential Music Mouse. He describes his ‘80s computer systems as “luggable” for the highway, and he toured with a Macintosh SE/30 for years.
Do not copy that floppy?
Stone found Max (named after pc music pioneer Max Mathews) in 1989 throughout an artist residency in Japan, when his buddy slipped him a pirated model on a floppy disk. At this level, Max might solely ship out MIDI data and couldn’t deal with sign processing. Stone started performing with it, often collaborating with Japanese video artists, dancers, and musicians.
He’s witnessed the software program rework over time: Sign processing and visible processing had been later included. The software program acquired hackey-sacked between totally different companies, with Stone formally beta testing its growth at varied levels. Finally, considered one of its builders based an organization to promote it, Biking ’74. An out of doors social gathering used Max to breadboard the wildly in style music software program Ableton Stay. The 2 applications ultimately built-in, and shortly after, Ableton absorbed Biking ‘74 altogether.
Predictably, Stone has resisted the linear temptations of Ableton integration, and his latest output is extra radical than his work from 30 years in the past (considered one of his newer songs sounds quite a bit just like the digital subgenre vaporwave, however he says he has by no means heard of such an idea). He performs with an iPad and laptop computer, sporting a felt hat and utilizing OSC (Open Sound Management) to ship management knowledge to his Max patches. He’s lived in Japan full-time since 2001, educating at Chukyo College; he’s spent his quarantine in Los Angeles, although, educating Zoom courses to Japanese college students at 2am native time.
His latest album, Stolen Automobile (an anagram of his title), was launched on September 25.